Monkey Patching and Method Wrapping
If you want to modify a function that doesn’t already have a hook, it’s possible to overwrite that function with a custom version instead. This is sometimes referred to as 'monkey patching'.
Monkey patching is useful in the testing stage, and while waiting for new hooks to be integrated into Anki. But please don’t rely on it long term, as monkey patching is very fragile, and will tend to break as Anki is updated in the future.
The only exception to the above is if you’re making extensive changes to Anki where adding new hooks would be impractical. In that case, you may unfortunately need to modify your add-on periodically as Anki is updated.
In aqt/editor.py there is a function setupButtons() which creates the buttons like bold, italics and so on that you see in the editor. Let’s imagine you want to add another button in your add-on.
Anki 2.1 no longer uses setupButtons(). The code below is still useful to understand how monkey patching works, but for adding buttons to the editor please see the setupEditorButtons hook described in the previous section.
The simplest way is to copy and paste the function from the Anki source code, add your text to the bottom, and then overwrite the original, like so:
from aqt.editor import Editor def mySetupButtons(self): <copy & pasted code from original> <custom add-on code> Editor.setupButtons = mySetupButtons
This approach is fragile however, as if the original code is updated in a future version of Anki, you would also have to update your add-on. A better approach would be to save the original, and call it in our custom version:
from aqt.editor import Editor def mySetupButtons(self): origSetupButtons(self) <custom add-on code> origSetupButtons = Editor.setupButtons Editor.setupButtons = mySetupButtons
Because this is a common operation, Anki provides a function called wrap() which makes this a little more convenient. A real example:
from anki.hooks import wrap from aqt.editor import Editor from aqt.utils import showInfo def buttonPressed(self): showInfo("pressed " + `self`) def mySetupButtons(self): # - size=False tells Anki not to use a small button # - the lambda is necessary to pass the editor instance to the # callback, as we're passing in a function rather than a bound # method self._addButton("mybutton", lambda s=self: buttonPressed(self), text="PressMe", size=False) Editor.setupButtons = wrap(Editor.setupButtons, mySetupButtons)
By default, wrap() runs your custom code after the original code. You can pass a third argument, "before", to reverse this. If you need to run code both before and after the original version, you can do so like so:
from anki.hooks import wrap from aqt.editor import Editor def mySetupButtons(self, _old): <before code> ret = _old(self) <after code> return ret Editor.setupButtons = wrap(Editor.setupButtons, mySetupButtons, "around")